The Emergence of Globalism

The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and the United States, 1939-1950, Princeton University Press, 2017 (paperback, 2019).

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Winner of the Francesco Guicciardini Prize 2019, International Studies Association.

Shortlisted for the Gladstone Prize 2018, Royal Historical Society and the TSA/CUP Prize 2019.

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From the book jacket:

During and after the Second World War, public intellectuals in Britain and the United States grappled with concerns about the future of democracy, the prospects of liberty, and the decline of the imperial system. Without using the term “globalization,” they identified a shift toward technological, economic, cultural, and political interconnectedness and developed a “globalist” ideology to reflect this new postwar reality. The Emergence of Globalism examines the competing visions of world order that shaped these debates and led to the development of globalism as a modern political concept.

Shedding critical light on this neglected chapter in the history of political thought, Or Rosenboim describes how a transnational network of globalist thinkers emerged from the traumas of war and expatriation in the 1940s and how their ideas drew widely from political philosophy, geopolitics, economics, imperial thought, constitutional law, theology, and philosophy of science. She presents compelling portraits of Raymond Aron, Owen Lattimore, Lionel Robbins, Barbara Wootton, Friedrich Hayek, Lionel Curtis, Richard McKeon, Michael Polanyi, Lewis Mumford, Jacques Maritain, Reinhold Niebuhr, H. G. Wells, and others. Rosenboim shows how the globalist debate they embarked on sought to balance the tensions between a growing recognition of pluralism on the one hand and an appreciation of the unity of humankind on the other.

An engaging look at the ideas that have shaped today’s world, The Emergence of Globalism is a major work of intellectual history that is certain to fundamentally transform our understanding of the globalist ideal and its origins.


“The best study ever written on Anglo-American global thought in the 1940s. Rosenboim’s insightful, cutting-edge book will enjoy a lasting impact.” Samuel Moyn, author of The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History.

“A pleasure to read. This excellent book stands out as a major contribution to our growing understanding of the history of twentieth-century international thought. Rosenboim forces us to rethink that history, and by implication how we interpret international relations today.” Lucian M. Ashworth, author of A History of International Thought.


“A major work of intellectual history.” Karen Shook, Times Higher Education

“This impressive book provides the best intellectual history yet of that tumultuous era.” G. John Ikenberry, Foreign Affairs.

Review roundtable with Jonathan Hunt, Jamie Martin, Sarah C. Dunstan and Jenifer Van Vleck, with response by Or Rosenboim on H-Diplo

Review forum with Daniel Gorman, Dario Fazzi, Quinn Slobodian and response by Or Rosenboim on Politics, Religion & Ideology

Jenny Andersson in Political Quarterly.

Andrew Williams in The International History Review.

Onur Klas Ince in Perspectives on Politics.

Sophie-Jung H. Kim in Global Intellectual History.

Olivier Schmidt in Lectures. 

Michael Mendelbaum in The American Interest.

“Stimulating”. Udi Greenberg, Lawfare,

Jan Eckel in H-Soz-Kult, 11 August 2017 (in German).

David Ekbaldh in Diplomatic History.

Stuart Middleton in Journal of European Studies.


Podcasts, op-eds and interviews:

Interview with Or Rosenboim for Interventions podcast.

Interview with Or Rosenboim on Le Monde (1 September 2017).

“Globalism and Nationalism”, Foreign Affairs, 10 July 2017.

The Emergence of Globalism, In The Long Run.

On Page99.

On New Books Network